Diversion Control Division, US Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration

RESOURCES > Federal Register Notices > Quotas - 2014 > Proposed Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances and Assessment of Annual Needs for the List I Chemicals Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, and Phenylpropanolamine for 2015

Quotas - 2014

[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 127 (Wednesday, July 2, 2014)]
[Notices]
[Pages 37772-37776]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-15549]


DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Drug Enforcement Administration

[Docket No. DEA-393]

Proposed Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances and Assessment of Annual Needs for the List I Chemicals Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, and Phenylpropanolamine for 2015

AGENCY: Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Department of Justice.

ACTION: Notice with request for comments.


SUMMARY: The Drug Enforcement Administration proposes to establish the 2015 aggregate production quotas for controlled substances in schedules I and II of the Controlled Substances Act and assessment of annual needs for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine.

DATES: Interested persons may file written comments on this notice in accordance with 21 CFR 1303.11(c) and 1315.11(d). Electronic comments must be submitted, and written comments must be postmarked, on or before August 1, 2014. Commenters should be aware that the electronic Federal Docket Management System will not accept comments after midnight Eastern Time on the last day of the comment period.

ADDRESSES: To ensure proper handling of comments, please reference "Docket No. DEA-393" on all electronic and written correspondence. The DEA encourages that all comments be submitted electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal which provides the ability to type short comments directly into the comment field on the Web page or attach a file for lengthier comments. Please go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the online instructions at that site for submitting comments. Paper comments that duplicate electronic submissions are not necessary. Should you, however, wish to submit written comments, in lieu of electronic comments, they should be sent via regular or express mail to: Drug Enforcement Administration, Attention: DEA Federal Register Representative/ODW, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Erika Gehrmann, Office of Diversion Control, Drug Enforcement Administration, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152, Telephone: (202) 598-6812.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Posting of Public Comments

Please note that all comments received in response to this docket are considered part of the public record and will be made available for public inspection online at http://www.regulations.gov. Such information includes personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) voluntarily submitted by the commenter.

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) applies to all comments received. If you want to submit personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) as part of your comment, but do not want it to be made publicly available, you must include the phrase "PERSONAL IDENTIFYING INFORMATION" in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also place all the personal identifying information you do not want made publicly available in the first paragraph of your comment and identify what information you want redacted.

If you want to submit confidential business information as part of your comment, but do not want it to be made publicly available, you must include the phrase "CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION" in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also prominently identify the confidential business information to be redacted within the comment. If a comment has so much confidential business information that it cannot be effectively redacted, all or part of that comment may not be made publicly available. Comments containing personal identifying information or confidential business information identified as directed above will be made publicly available in redacted form.

An electronic copy of this document is available at http://www.regulations.gov for easy reference. If you wish to personally inspect the comments and materials received or the supporting documentation the DEA used in preparing the proposed action, these materials will be available for public inspection by appointment. To arrange a viewing, please see the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT paragraph above.

Legal Authority

Section 306 of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), 21 U.S.C. 826, requires the Attorney General to determine the total quantity and establish aggregate production quotas for each basic class of controlled substance listed in schedules I and II and for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine. This responsibility has been delegated to the Administrator of the DEA pursuant to 28 CFR 0.100(b). The Administrator, in turn, has redelegated that authority to the Deputy Administrator, pursuant to 28 CFR part 0 subpart R, App.

Analysis for Proposed 2015 Aggregate Production Quotas and Assessment of Annual Needs

The proposed year 2015 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs represent those quantities of schedule I and II controlled substances, and the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine, to be manufactured in the United States in 2015 to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States, lawful export requirements, and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. These quotas include

[[Page 37773]]

imports of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine but do not include imports of controlled substances necessary to provide for the medical, scientific, or other legitimate needs of the United States.

In determining the proposed 2015 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs, the DEA has taken into account the criteria that the DEA is required to consider in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 826(a), 21 CFR 1303.11 (aggregate production quotas for controlled substances), and 21 CFR 1315.11 (assessment of annual needs for ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine). The DEA proposes the aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs for 2015 by considering: (1) Total net disposal of the class or chemical by all manufacturers and chemical importers during the current and two preceding years; (2) trends in the national rate of net disposal of the class or chemical; (3) total actual (or estimated) inventories of the class or chemical and of all substances manufactured from the class or chemical, and trends in inventory accumulation; (4) projected demand for such class or chemical as indicated by procurement and chemical import quotas requested in accordance with 21 CFR 1303.12, 1315.32, and 1315.34; and (5) other factors affecting the medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs in the United States, lawful export requirements, and reserve stocks, as the Deputy Administrator finds relevant. Other factors the DEA considered in calculating the aggregate production quotas, but not the assessment of annual needs, include product development requirements of both bulk and finished dosage form manufacturers, and other pertinent information. In determining the proposed 2015 assessment of annual needs, the DEA used the calculation methodology previously described in the 2010 and 2011 assessment of annual needs (74 FR 60294, Nov. 20, 2009, and 75 FR 79407, Dec. 20, 2010, respectively).

The DEA also specifically considered that inventory allowances granted to individual manufacturers may not always result in the availability of sufficient quantities to maintain an adequate reserve stock pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 826(a), as intended. See 21 CFR 1303.24. This would be concerning if a natural disaster or other unforeseen event resulted in substantial disruption to the amount of controlled substances available to provide for legitimate public need. As such, the DEA proposes to include in all schedule II aggregate production quotas, and certain schedule I aggregate production quotas (gamma- hydroxybutyric acid and tetrahydrocannabinols), an additional 25% of the estimated medical, scientific, and research needs as part of the amount necessary to ensure the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. The resulting established aggregate production quotas will reflect these included amounts. This action will not affect the ability of manufacturers to maintain inventory allowances as specified by regulation. The DEA expects that maintaining this reserve in certain established aggregate production quotas will mitigate adverse public effects if an unforeseen event resulted in substantial disruption to the amount of controlled substances available to provide for legitimate public need, as determined by the DEA. The DEA does not anticipate utilizing the reserve in the absence of these circumstances.

The Deputy Administrator, therefore, proposes to establish the 2015 aggregate production quotas for the following schedule I and II controlled substances and assessment of annual needs for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine, expressed in grams of anhydrous acid or base, as follows:

[[Page 37776]]

Basic class Proposed established
2015
quotas (g)
Schedule I
(1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144) 15
[1-(5-Fluoro-pentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl](2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (XLR11) 15
1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)butan-1-one (butylone) 15
1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(methylamino)pentan-1-one (pentylone) 15
1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine 10
1-(5-Fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM2201) 45
1-(5-Fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM694) 45
1-[1-(2-Thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine 15
1-[2-(4-Morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200) 45
1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073) 45
1-Cyclohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (SR-18 and RCS-8) 45
1-Hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019) 45
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine 2
1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM678) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122) 45
1-Pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (SR-19, RCS-4) 45
1-Pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081) 45
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-n-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H) 30
2-(4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25B-NBOMe; 2C-B-NBOMe; 25B; Cimbi-36) 15
2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C) 30
2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25C-NBOMe; 2C-C-NBOMe; 25C; Cimbi-82) 15
2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I) 30
2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25I-NBOMe; 2C-I-NBOMe; 25I; Cimbi-5) 15
2-(Methylamino)-1-phenylpentan-1-one (pentedrone) 15
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOET) 25
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-n-propylthiophenethylamine 25
2,5-Dimethoxyamphetamine 25
2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2) 30
2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4) 30
3,4,5-Trimethoxyamphetamine 25
3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) 55
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) 50
3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA) 40
3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone) 50
3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) 35
3-Fluoro-N-methylcathinone (3-FMC) 15
3-Methylfentanyl 2
3-Methylthiofentanyl 2
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOB) 25
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2-CB) 25
4-Fluoro-N-methylcathinone (4-FMC) 15
4-Methoxyamphetamine 100
4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOM) 25
4-Methylaminorex 25
4-Methyl-N-ethylcathinone (4-MEC) 15
4-Methyl-N-methylcathinone (mephedrone) 45
4-Methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (4-MePPP) 15
5-(1,1-Dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol 68
5-(1,1-Dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (cannabicyclohexanol or CP-47,497 C8-homolog) 53
5-Methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine 25
5-Methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine 25
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine 25
Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl 2
Acetyldihydrocodeine 2
Acetylmethadol 2
Allylprodine 2
Alphacetylmethadol 2
alpha-Ethyltryptamine 25
Alphameprodine 2
Alphamethadol 2
alpha-Methylfentanyl 2
alpha-Methylthiofentanyl 2
alpha-Methyltryptamine (AMT) 25
alpha-Pyrrolidinobutiophenone ([alpha]-PBP) 15
alpha-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone ([alpha]-PVP) 15
Aminorex 25
Benzylmorphine 2
Betacetylmethadol 2
beta-Hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl 2
beta-Hydroxyfentanyl 2
Betameprodine 2
Betamethadol 4
Betaprodine 2
Bufotenine 3
Cathinone 70
Codeine methylbromide 5
Codeine-N-oxide 200
Desomorphine 5
Diethyltryptamine 25
Difenoxin 50
Dihydromorphine 3,990,000
Dimethyltryptamine 35
Dipipanone 5
Fenethylline 5
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid 70,250,000
Heroin 25
Hydromorphinol 2
Hydroxypethidine 2
Ibogaine 5
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) 35
Marihuana 21,000
Mescaline 25
Methaqualone 10
Methcathinone 25
Methyldesorphine 5
Methyldihydromorphine 2
Morphine methylbromide 5
Morphine methylsulfonate 5
Morphine-N-oxide 350
N-(1-Adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AKB48) 15
N-(1-Amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (ADB-PINACA) 15
N-(1-Amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-FUBINACA) 15
N,N-Dimethylamphetamine 25
Naphthylpyrovalerone (naphyrone) 15
N-Benzylpiperazine 25
N-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine 5
N-Ethylamphetamine 24
N-Hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine 24
Noracymethadol 2
Norlevorphanol 52
Normethadone 2
Normorphine 18
Phenomorphan 2
Psilocybin 30
Psilocyn 30
Quinolin-8-yl 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (5-fluoro-PB-22; 5F-PB-22) 15
Quinolin-8-yl 1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxylate (PB-22; QUPIC) 15
Tetrahydrocannabinols 497,500
Thiofentanyl 2
Tilidine 10
Trimeperidine 2
Schedule II
1-Phenylcyclohexylamine 5
1-Piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile 5
4-Anilino-N-phenethyl-4-piperidine (ANPP) 2,687,500
Alfentanil 17,625
Alphaprodine 3
Amobarbital 25,125
Amphetamine (for conversion) 21,875,000
Amphetamine (for sale) 37,500,000
Carfentanil 19
Cocaine 240,000
Codeine (for conversion) 50,000,000
Codeine (for sale) 46,125,000
Dextropropoxyphene 19
Dihydrocodeine 101,375
Diphenoxylate 1,337,500
Ecgonine 174,375
Ethylmorphine 3
Fentanyl 2,108,750
Glutethimide 3
Hydrocodone (for conversion) 137,500
Hydrocodone (for sale) 99,625,000
Hydromorphone 6,250,000
Isomethadone 5
levo-Alphacetylmethadol (LAAM) 4
Levomethorphan 5
Levorphanol 3,375
Lisdexamfetamine 29,750,000
Meperidine 6,250,000
Meperidine Intermediate-A 6
Meperidine Intermediate-B 11
Meperidine Intermediate-C 6
Metazocine 19
Methadone (for sale) 31,875,000
Methadone Intermediate 34,375,000
Methamphetamine
2,061,375
[1,250,000 grams of levo-desoxyephedrine for use in a non-controlled, non-prescription product; 750,000 grams for methamphetamine mostly for conversion to a schedule III product; and 61,375 grams for methamphetamine (for sale)]
Methylphenidate 83,750,000
Morphine (for conversion) 91,250,000
Morphine (for sale) 62,500,000
Nabilone 18,750
Noroxymorphone (for conversion) 17,500,000
Noroxymorphone (for sale) 1,475,000
Opium (powder) 112,500
Opium (tincture) 687,500
Oripavine 22,750,000
Oxycodone (for conversion) 8,350,000
Oxycodone (for sale) 137,500,000
Oxymorphone (for conversion) 21,875,000
Oxymorphone (for sale) 7,750,000
Pentobarbital 35,000,000
Phenazocine 6
Phencyclidine 19
Phenmetrazine 3
Phenylacetone 9,375,000
Racemethorphan 3
Remifentanil 3,750
Secobarbital 215,003
Sufentanil 6,255
Tapentadol 12,500,000
Thebaine 125,000,000
List I Chemicals
Ephedrine (for conversion) 1,000,000
Ephedrine (for sale) 3,000,000
Phenylpropanolamine (for conversion) 44,800,000
Phenylpropanolamine (for sale) 8,500,000
Pseudoephedrine (for conversion) 7,000
Pseudoephedrine (for sale) 224,500,000

The Deputy Administrator further proposes that aggregate production quotas for all other schedule I and II controlled substances included in 21 CFR 1308.11 and 1308.12 remain at zero. Pursuant to 21 CFR 1303.13 and 21 CFR 1315.13, upon consideration of the relevant factors, the Deputy Administrator may adjust the 2015 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs as necessary.

Comments

In accordance with 21 CFR 1303.11(c) and 1315.11(d), any interested person may submit written comments on or objections to these proposed determinations. Based on comments received in response to this notice, the Deputy Administrator may hold a public hearing on one or more issues raised. 21 CFR 1303.11(c) and 1515.11(e). In the event the Deputy Administrator decides to hold such a hearing, the Deputy Administrator will publish a notice of the hearing in the Federal Register. After consideration of any comments or objections, or after a hearing, if one is held, the Deputy Administrator will issue and publish in the Federal Register a final order establishing the 2015 aggregate production quota for each basic class of controlled substance and establishing the assessment of annual needs for the list I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine. 21 CFR 1303.11(c) and 1315.11(f).

Dated: June 26, 2014.

Thomas M. Harrigan,
Deputy Administrator.

[FR Doc. 2014-15549 Filed 7-1-14; 8:45 am]

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