Diversion Control Division, US Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration

RESOURCES > Federal Register Notices > Quotas - 2013 > Established Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances and Established Assessment of Annual Needs for the List I Chemicals Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, and Phenylpropanolamine for 2014

Quotas - 2013

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 174 (Monday, September 9, 2013)]
[Notices]
[Pages 55099-55103]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-21797]


DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Drug Enforcement Administration

[Docket No. DEA-378]

Established Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances and Established Assessment of Annual Needs for the List I Chemicals Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, and Phenylpropanolamine for 2014

AGENCY: Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Department of Justice.

ACTION: Notice.


SUMMARY: This notice establishes the initial 2014 aggregate production quotas for controlled substances in Schedules I and II of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and assessment of annual needs for the List I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine.

DATES: Effective: September 9, 2013.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ruth A. Carter, Chief, Policy Evaluation and Analysis Section, Office of Diversion Control, Drug Enforcement Administration, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, VA 22152, Telephone: (202) 598-6812.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

Section 306 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 826) requires the Attorney General to establish aggregate production quotas for each basic class of controlled substance listed in Schedules I and II and for the List I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine. This responsibility has been delegated to the Administrator of the DEA by 28 CFR 0.100. The Administrator, in turn, has redelegated this function to the Deputy Administrator, pursuant to 28 CFR 0.104.

The 2014 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs represent those quantities of Schedules I and II controlled substances and the List I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine to be manufactured in the United States in 2014 to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States, lawful export requirements, and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. These quotas include imports of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine but do not include imports of controlled substances for use in industrial processes.

On July 3, 2013, a notice titled, "Proposed Aggregate Production Quotas for Schedule I and II Controlled Substances and Proposed Assessment of Annual Needs for the List I Chemicals Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, and Phenylpropanolamine for 2014," was published in the Federal Register (78 FR 40186). That notice proposed the 2014 aggregate production quotas for each basic class of controlled substance listed in Schedules I and II and the 2014 assessment of annual needs for the List I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine. All interested persons were invited to comment on or object to the proposed aggregate production quotas and the proposed assessment of annual needs on or before August 2, 2013.

Comments Received

DEA received seven comments from DEA-registered manufacturers within the published comment period on a total of 23 Schedule I and II controlled substances and one List I chemical. Commenters stated that the proposed aggregate production quotas for (1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3- yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144), [1-(5-fluoro- pentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl](2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (XLR11), N-(1-adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AKB48), cathinone, amphetamine (for sale), codeine (for conversion), codeine (for sale), fentanyl, hydrocodone (for sale), hydromorphone, levomethorphan, methylphenidate, morphine (for conversion), morphine (for sale), noroxymorphone (for conversion), oripavine, oxycodone (for sale), oxymorphone (for conversion), oxymorphone (for sale), phenylacetone, tapentadol, tetrahydrocannabinol, and thebaine were insufficient to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States, export requirements, and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. One commenter stated that the proposed assessment of annual needs quota for phenylpropanolamine (for conversion) was insufficient to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States, export requirements, and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks.

Determination of 2014 Aggregate Production Quotas and Assessment of Annual Needs

In determining the 2014 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs, the DEA has taken into consideration the above comments along with the factors set forth at 21 CFR 1303.11 and 21 CFR 1315.11, in accordance with 21 U.S.C. 826(a), and other relevant factors, including the consideration of 2013 manufacturing quotas, current 2013 sales and inventories, 2014 export requirements, industrial use, additional applications for quotas, as well as information on research and product development requirements. Based on this information, the DEA has determined that adjustments to the proposed aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs for 1-[1-(2-Thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine, carfentanil, cathinone, dihydromorphine, dimethyltryptamine, ecgonine, hydromorphone, levomethorphan, lysergic acid diethylamide, metazocine, methamphetamine, d-methamphetamine (for conversion), methyldesorphine, noroxymorphone (for conversion), oxymorphone (for conversion), phencyclidine, phenylacetone, ephedrine (for conversion), ephedrine (for sale),

[[Page 55100]]

phenylpropanolamine (for conversion), and pseudoephedrine (for sale) are warranted. This notice reflects those adjustments.

Regarding (1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3- tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144), [1-(5-fluoro-pentyl)-1H- indol-3-yl](2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (XLR11), N-(1- adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AKB48), amphetamine (for sale), codeine (for conversion), codeine (for sale), fentanyl, hydrocodone (for sale), methylphenidate, morphine (for conversion), morphine (for sale), oripavine, oxycodone (for sale), oxymorphone (for sale), tapentadol, tetrahydrocannabinol, thebaine, and phenylpropanolamine (for sale), the DEA has determined that the proposed initial 2014 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs are sufficient to meet the current 2014 estimated medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States. This notice finalizes these aggregate production quotas at the same amounts as proposed.

DEA also specifically considered that inventory allowances granted to individual manufacturers may not always result in the availability of sufficient quantities to maintain an adequate reserve stock pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 826(a), as intended. See 21 CFR 1303.24. This would be concerning if a natural disaster or other unforeseen event resulted in substantial disruption to the amount of controlled substances available to provide for legitimate public need. As such, the DEA included in all Schedule II aggregate production quotas, and certain Schedule I aggregate production quotas, an additional 25% of the estimated medical, scientific, and research needs as part of the amount necessary to ensure the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. The established aggregate production quotas reflect these included amounts. This action will not affect the ability of manufacturers to maintain inventory allowances as specified by regulation. The DEA expects that maintaining this reserve in certain established aggregate production quotas will mitigate adverse public effects if an unforeseen event resulted in substantial disruption to the amount of controlled substances available to provide for legitimate public need, as determined by the DEA. The DEA does not anticipate utilizing the reserve in the absence of these circumstances.

In accordance with 21 U.S.C. 826, 21 CFR 1303.11, and 21 CFR 1315.11, the Deputy Administrator hereby establishes the 2014 aggregate production quotas for the following Schedule I and II controlled substances and the 2014 assessment of annual needs for the List I chemicals ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, and phenylpropanolamine, expressed in grams of anhydrous acid or base, as follows:

Basic Class—Schedule I Established 2014
Quotas (grams)
(1-Pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144) 15
[1-(5-fluoro-pentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl](2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (XLR11) 15
1-(1-Phenylcyclohexyl)pyrrolidine 10
1-(5-Fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM2201) 45
1-(5-Fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM694) 45
1-[1-(2-Thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine 15
1-[2-(4-Morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200) 45
1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073) 45
1-Cyclohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (SR-18 and RCS-8) 45
1-Hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019) 45
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine 2
1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM678) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398) 45
1-Pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122) 45
1-Pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (SR-19,RCS-4) 45
1-Pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081) 45
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N) 30
2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H) 30
2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C) 30
2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I) 30
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOET) 25
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-n-propylthiophenethylamine 25
2,5-Dimethoxyamphetamine 25
2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2) 30
2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4) 30
3,4,5-Trimethoxyamphetamine 25
3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) 55
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) 50
3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA) 40
3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone) 50
3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) 35
3-Methylfentanyl 2
3-Methylthiofentanyl 2
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOB) 25
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2-CB) 25
4-Methoxyamphetamine 100
4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOM) 25
4-Methylaminorex 25
4-Methyl-N-methylcathinone (mephedrone) 45
5-(1,1-Dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol 68
5-(1,1-Dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (cannabicyclohexanol or CP-47, 497 C8-homolog) 53
5-Methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine 25
5-Methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine 25
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine 25
Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl 2
Acetyldihydrocodeine 2
Acetylmethadol 2
Allylprodine 2
Alphacetylmethadol 2
Alpha-ethyltryptamine 25
Alphameprodine 2
Alphamethadol 2
Alpha-methylfentanyl 2
Alpha-methylthiofentanyl 2
Alpha-methyltryptamine (AMT) 25
Aminorex 25
Benzylmorphine 2
Betacetylmethadol 2
Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl 2
Beta-hydroxyfentanyl 2
Betameprodine 2
Betaprodine 2
Bufotenine 3
Cathinone 70
Codeine Methylbromide 5
Codeine-N-oxide 200
Desomorphine 5
Diethyltryptamine 25
Difenoxin 50
Dihydromorphine 3,990,000
Dimethyltryptamine 35
Dipipanone 5
Fenethylline 5
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid 70,250,000
Heroin 25
Hydromorphinol 2
Hydroxypethidine 2
Ibogaine 5
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) 35
Marihuana 21,000
Mescaline 25
Methaqualone 10
Methcathinone 25
Methyldesorphine 2
Methyldihydromorphine 2
Morphine Methylbromide 5
Morphine Methylsulfonate 5
Morphine-N-oxide 175
N-(1-adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AKB48) 15
N-Benzylpiperazine 25
N,N-Dimethylamphetamine 25
N-Ethyl-1-phenylcyclohexylamine 5
N-Ethylamphetamine 24
N-Hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine 24
Noracymethadol 2
Norlevorphanol 52
Normethadone 2
Normorphine 18
Para-fluorofentanyl 2
Parahexyl 5
Phenomorphan 2
Pholcodine 2
Properidine 2
Psilocybin 30
Psilocyn 30
Tetrahydrocannabinols 491,000
Thiofentanyl 2
Tilidine 10
Trimeperidine 2

[[Page 55102]]

Basic Class—Schedule II Established 2014
Quotas (grams)
1-Phenylcyclohexylamine 3
1-Piperdinocyclohexanecarbonitrile (PCC) 3
4-Anilino-N-phenethyl-4-piperidine (ANPP) 2,687,500
Alfentanil 17,625
Alphaprodine 3
Amobarbital 9
Amphetamine(for conversion) 18,375,000
Amphetamine(for sale) 49,000,000
Carfentanil 19
Cocaine 240,000
Codeine (for conversion) 68,750,000
Codeine (for sale) 46,125,000
Dextropropoxyphene 19
Dihydrocodeine 100,750
Diphenoxylate 750,000
Ecgonine 144,000
Ethylmorphine 3
Fentanyl 2,108,750
Glutethimide 3
Hydrocodone (for sale) 99,625,000
Hydromorphone 6,750,000
Isomethadone 5
Levo-alphacetylmethadol (LAAM) 4
Levomethorphan 195
Levorphanol 2,000
Lisdexamfetamine 23,750,000
Meperidine 6,250,000
Meperidine Intermediate-A 6
Meperidine Intermediate-B 11
Meperidine Intermediate-C 6
Metazocine 19
Methadone (for sale) 31,875,000
Methadone Intermediate 38,875,000
Methamphetamine 2,811,375
[1,250,000 grams of levo-desoxyephedrine for use in a non-controlled, non-prescription product; 1,500,000 grams for methamphetamine mostly for conversion to a schedule III product; and 61,375 grams for methamphetamine (for sale)]
Methylphenidate 96,750,000
Morphine (for conversion) 91,250,000
Morphine (for sale) 62,500,000
Nabilone 30,375
Noroxymorphone (for conversion) 17,500,000
Noroxymorphone (for sale) 1,462,500
Opium (powder) 112,500
Opium (tincture) 625,000
Oripavine 22,750,000
Oxycodone (for conversion) 9,250,000
Oxycodone (for sale) 149,375,000
Oxymorphone (for conversion) 25,000,000
Oxymorphone (for sale) 7,750,000
Pentobarbital 35,000,000
Phenazocine 6
Phencyclidine 19
Phenmetrazine 3
Phenylacetone 67,000,000
Racemethorphan 3
Remifentanil 3,750
Secobarbital 215,003
Sufentanil 6,255
Tapentadol 17,500,000
Thebaine 145,000,000

 

Basic Class—List I Chemicals Proposed 2014
Quotas
Ephedrine (for conversion) 1,000,000
Ephedrine (for sale) 3,000,000
Phenylpropanolamine (for conversion) 44,800,000
Phenylpropanolamine (for sale 5,300,000
Pseudoephedrine (for conversion) 5,000
Pseudoephedrine (for sale) 192,000,000

[[Page 55103]]

The Deputy Administrator also establishes aggregate production quotas for all other Schedule I and II controlled substances included in 21 CFR 1308.11 and 1308.12 at zero. Pursuant to 21 CFR 1303.13 and 21 CFR 1315.13, upon consideration of the relevant factors, the Deputy Administrator may adjust the 2014 aggregate production quotas and assessment of annual needs as needed.

Dated: August 30, 2013.

Thomas M. Harrigan,
Deputy Administrator.

[FR Doc. 2013-21797 Filed 9-6-13; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4410-09-P

 

NOTICE: This is an unofficial version. An official version of this publication may be obtained directly from the Government Printing Office (GPO).

Emergency Disaster Relief
National Prescription Drug Take Back Day. Turn in your unused or expired medication for safe disposal here.
RX Abuse Online

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE  •  DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
Diversion Control Division  •  8701 Morrissette Drive  •  Springfield, VA 22152  •  1-800-882-9539

DOJ Legal Policies and Disclaimers    |    DOJ Privacy Policy    |    FOIA    |    Section 508 Accessibility