Office of Diversion Control, US Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration

Pharmacist's Manual - SECTION I-VIII

SECTION I – INTRODUCTION

Disclaimer

This pharmacist’s manual is intended to summarize and explain the basic requirements for prescribing, administering, and dispensing controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), Title 21 United States Code (21 U.S.C.) 801-971 and the DEA regulations, Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (21 C.F.R.), Parts 1300 to End. Pertinent citations to the law and regulations are included in this manual.

Printed copies of the complete regulations implementing the CSA (21 C.F.R. Part 1300 to End) may be obtained from:

Superintendent of Documents
U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402

Both the C.F.R. and the Federal Register (which includes proposed and final rules implementing the CSA) are available on the internet through the U.S. Government Printing Office website. This website, which provides information by section, citation, and keywords, can be accessed at:

www.gpo.gov

Unofficial copies of pertinent C.F.R. citations and this pharmacist’s manual may be found on the internet at DEA’s Diversion website (under “Manuals”):

www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov

Should any pertinent provisions of the law or regulations be modified in the future, DEA will issue a revised electronic version of this document, which will be posted on the DEA Diversion website.

If you encounter errors in this document, please notify:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: Liaison and Policy Section/ODL
8701 Morrissette Drive
Springfield, Virginia 22152

Inquiries regarding topics within this document may be addressed to your local DEA Diversion Field Office (Appendix K) or the address above.

Authorization for Public Dissemination

All material in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced without the express permission of the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Message from the Administrator

The Drug Enforcement Administration is pleased to provide you with the 2010 edition of the Pharmacist's Manual to assist you in understanding the provisions of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and its implementing regulations.  This manual will answer questions you may encounter in the practice of pharmacy and provide guidance in complying with the CSA regulations.  This edition has been updated to include information on the provisions of the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 2005, the Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act of 2008, and the Interim Final Rule entitled Electronic Prescriptions for Controlled Substances.

Your role in the proper dispensing of controlled substances is critical to the health of patients and helps protect society against drug abuse and diversion.  Your adherence to the CSA, together with its objectives and your compliance, is a powerful resource for protecting the public health, assuring patient safety, and preventing the diversion of controlled substances and drug products containing listed chemicals.

Sincerely,

Michelle M. Leonhart, Administrator

Preface

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) was established in 1973 to serve as the primary agency responsible for the enforcement of federal drug laws. The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and its implementing regulations establish federal requirements regarding both illicit and licit controlled substances. With respect to pharmaceutical controlled substances, DEA’s responsibility is twofold: to prevent diversion and abuse of these substances while ensuring an adequate and uninterrupted supply is available to meet the country’s legitimate medical, scientific, and research needs. In carrying out this mission, DEA works closely with state and local authorities and other federal agencies.

Under the framework of the CSA, all controlled substance transactions take place within a “closed system” of distribution established by Congress. Within this “closed system” all legitimate handlers of controlled substances – manufacturers, distributors, physicians, pharmacies, and others, must be registered with DEA (unless exempt) and maintain strict accounting for all controlled substance transactions.

To carry out this mission effectively, DEA seeks to educate its registrants regarding their legal obligations. It is DEA’s goal to maintain a positive working relationship with all of its registrants, including pharmacies. DEA understands that it can best serve the public interest by working with the pharmacy community to prevent the diversion of pharmaceutical controlled substances and scheduled listed chemical products (SLCPs) into the illicit market.

Federal controlled substance laws are designed to function in tandem with state controlled substance laws. DEA works in cooperation with state professional licensing boards and state and local law enforcement officials to make certain that pharmaceutical controlled substances are prescribed, administered, and dispensed for a legitimate medical purpose in the usual course of professional practice. Within this framework, the majority of investigations into possible violations of controlled substance laws are carried out by state authorities. DEA focuses its investigations on cases involving violators of the highest level or most significant impact.

In the event a state board revokes the license of a pharmacy, DEA will request a voluntary surrender of the pharmacy’s DEA registration. If the pharmacy refuses to surrender its registration, DEA will seek administrative action to revoke its DEA registration based on lack of state authorization. Additional administrative remedies that may be utilized to correct a lack of compliance include a letter of admonition or an administrative hearing. DEA may also pursue civil or criminal sanctions if there is sufficient evidence to justify a prosecution. All such actions are designed to protect the public health and safety.

In addition to the diversion of controlled substances, DEA is concerned with the diversion of certain chemicals used in the clandestine manufacture of controlled substances. Chemicals such as ephedrine and pseudoephedrine contained in over the counter and prescription substances are immediate precursors used in the illicit manufacture of methamphetamine and amphetamine. These products may be purchased or stolen from retail outlets, including pharmacies, for use in clandestine laboratories.

Pharmacies that sell over the counter products containing ephedrine and pseudoephedrine must be “self-certified” as required by the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 2005 (CMEA). The CMEA created a new category of products designated as SLCPs. SLCPs are products containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine that may be marketed or distributed lawfully in the United States as a non-prescription drug under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The retail provisions of the CMEA went into effect on September 30, 2006 and require, among other things, employee training, self certification, placement of SLCPs out of customer reach, required identification, sales logbooks, sales and purchase limits, and others.

DEA and the pharmacy profession have strong common interests in the appropriate use of controlled substances and SLCPs. An effective working relationship to ensure compliance with CSA requirements will continue to produce lasting benefits on a national scale.

SECTION II – SCHEDULES OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

The drugs and other substances that are considered controlled substances under the CSA are divided into five schedules. A listing of the substances and their schedules is found in the DEA regulations, 21 C.F.R. Sections 1308.11 through 1308.15.  A controlled substance is placed in its respective schedule based on whether it has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and its relative abuse potential and likelihood of causing dependence. Some examples of controlled substances in each schedule are outlined below.

NOTE: Drugs listed in schedule I have no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and, therefore, may not be prescribed, administered, or dispensed for medical use. In contrast, drugs listed in schedules II-V have some accepted medical use and may be prescribed, administered, or dispensed for medical use.

Schedule I Controlled Substances

Substances in this schedule have a high potential for abuse, have no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and there is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.

Some examples of substances listed in schedule I are:  heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (cannabis), peyote, methaqualone, and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (“ecstasy”).

Schedule II Controlled Substances

Substances in this schedule have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Examples of single entity schedule II narcotics include morphine and opium. Other schedule II narcotic substances and their common name brand products include: hydromorphone (Dilaudid®), methadone (Dolophine®), meperidine (Demerol®), oxycodone (OxyContin®), and fentanyl (Sublimaze® or Duragesic®).

Examples of schedule II stimulants include: amphetamine (Dexedrine®, Adderall®), methamphetamine (Desoxyn®), and methylphenidate (Ritalin®). Other schedule II substances include:  cocaine, amobarbital, glutethimide, and pentobarbital.

Schedule III Controlled Substances

Substances in this schedule have a potential for abuse less than substances in schedules I or II and abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Examples of schedule III narcotics include combination products containing less than 15 milligrams of hydrocodone per dosage unit (Vicodin®) and products containing not more than 90 milligrams of codeine per dosage unit (Tylenol with codeine®). Also included are buprenorphine products (Suboxone® and Subutex®) used to treat opioid addiction.
Examples of schedule III non-narcotics include benzphetamine (Didrex®), phendimetrazine, ketamine, and anabolic steroids such as oxandrolone (Oxandrin®).

Schedule IV Controlled Substances

Substances in this schedule have a low potential for abuse relative to substances in schedule III.

An example of a schedule IV narcotic is propoxyphene (Darvon® and Darvocet-N 100®).

Other schedule IV substances include:  alprazolam (Xanax®), clonazepam (Klonopin®), clorazepate (Tranxene®), diazepam (Valium®), lorazepam (Ativan®), midazolam (Versed®), temazepam (Restoril®), and triazolam (Halcion®).

Schedule V Controlled Substances

Substances in this schedule have a low potential for abuse relative to substances listed in schedule IV and consist primarily of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics. These are generally used for antitussive, antidiarrheal, and analgesic purposes.

Examples include cough preparations containing not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams (Robitussin AC® and Phenergan with Codeine®).

Scheduled Listed Chemical Product (SLCP)

An SLCP is defined as a product that contains ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine and may be marketed or distributed lawfully in the United States under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act as a nonprescription drug.

SECTION III – REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS

New Pharmacy Registration

Every pharmacy that dispenses a controlled substance must be registered with the DEA. First, a state license must be obtained.

To register as a new pharmacy, the DEA Form 224 must be completed. The cost of the application fee is indicated on the application form. The certificate of registration must be maintained at the registered location and kept available for official inspection. If a person owns and operates more than one pharmacy, each place of business must be registered.

The DEA Form 224 should be completed online (www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov).

         DEA Online Forms New Applications

A paper version of the DEA Form 224 may be requested by writing to:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: Registration Section/ODR
P.O. Box 2639
Springfield, Virginia 22152-2639

If a pharmacy needs a duplicate Certificate of Registration (DEA Form 223), a copy may be requested online via DEA’s Diversion website, www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov, or contact DEA Headquarters at 1-800-882-9539 or via e-mail at DEA.Registration.Help@usdoj.gov.

Renewal of Pharmacy Registration

A pharmacy registration must be renewed every three years utilizing DEA Form 224a, Renewal Application for DEA Registration. The cost of the application fee is indicated on the application form.

To renew a registration, the most current information from the pharmacy’s existing registration must be utilized. A registrant can renew online no more than 60 days prior to the current expiration date.  The DEA Form 224a should be completed online and can be found at www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov.

DEA Forms Online Renewal Applications

If the registrant has not renewed online approximately 50 days before the registration expiration date, a renewal application is sent to the registrant at the mailing address listed on the current registration. If the renewal form is not received by the 30th day before the expiration date of the current registration, the pharmacy should contact the local DEA Registration Specialist (Appendix J) or DEA Headquarters at 1-800-882-9539 and request a renewal registration form.

NOTE: Once the expiration date has passed and no renewal has been received by DEA, the pharmacy has no authority to handle controlled substances.

Affidavit for Renewal of Retail Chain Pharmacy Registration

Corporations that own or operate a chain of pharmacies may submit a single DEA Form 224b, Retail Pharmacy Registration Affidavit for Chain Renewal. This affidavit, along with a list of the corporation's registrations, is provided in lieu of a separate registration application for each pharmacy registration. No registration may be issued unless the completed affidavit is received by DEA. The corporation should retain a copy of this affidavit with their readily retrievable records for the duration of the registrations covered by the affidavit. A responsible individual must answer the questions listed on the affidavit on behalf of the corporation as they pertain to each registrant.
The original affidavit along with the registration application fee and the list of registrations should be mailed to:

Registration Chain Renewal
Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: Registration Section/ODR
P.O. Box 2639
Springfield, Virginia 22152-2639

Change of Business Address

A pharmacy that moves to a new physical location must request a modification of registration. Modifications are handled in the same manner as applications and must be approved by DEA.

A modification of registration can be requested online at www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov or in writing to the local DEA Registration Specialist (Appendix J) responsible for the area in which the pharmacy is located. If the change of address involves a change in state, the proper state issued license and, if applicable, controlled substances registration must be obtained prior to the approval of modification of the federal registration. If the modification is approved, DEA will issue a new certificate of registration and, if requested, new schedule II order forms (DEA Form 222). The registrant should maintain the new certificate with the old certificate until expiration. A Renewal Application for Registration (DEA Form 224a) will only be sent to the mailing address on file with DEA. It will not be forwarded.

Termination of Registration

A pharmacy that discontinues business activities either completely or only regarding controlled substances must return its DEA registration certificate and unused official order forms (DEA Form 222) to the local DEA Registration Specialist (Appendix J). In addition, DEA may ask for the location of where inventories, prescriptions, and other required controlled substance records will be stored during the requisite two-year retention period.

Unwanted controlled substances in the pharmacy’s possession must be disposed of in accordance with DEA regulations (see Section IV, Transfer or Disposal of Controlled Substances).

Transfer of Business

A pharmacy registrant that transfers its business operations to another pharmacy registrant must submit in person or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the Special Agent in Charge in his/her area, at least 14 days in advance of the date of the proposed transfer (unless the Special Agent in Charge waives this time limitation in individual instances), the following information:

  1. The name, address, registration number, and authorized business activity of the registrant discontinuing the business (registrant-transferor);
  2. The name, address, registration number, and authorized business activity of the person acquiring the business (registrant-transferee);
  3. Whether the business activities will be continued at the location registered by the person discontinuing business, or moved to another location (if the latter, the address of the new location should be listed); and
  4. The date on which the transfer of controlled substances will occur.

On the day the controlled substances are transferred, a complete inventory must be taken and a copy of the inventory must be included in the records of both the person transferring the business and the person acquiring the business. This inventory will serve as the final inventory for the registrant going out of business and transferring the controlled substances. It will also serve as the initial inventory for the registrant acquiring the controlled substances. It is not necessary to send a copy of the inventory to the DEA unless requested by the Special Agent in Charge.

To transfer schedule II controlled substances, the receiving registrant must issue an official order form (DEA Form 222) or an electronic equivalent to the registrant transferring the drugs. The transfer of schedules III-V controlled substances must be documented in writing to show the drug name, dosage form, strength, quantity, and date transferred.  The document must include the names, addresses, and DEA registration numbers of the parties involved in the transfer of the controlled substances.

All controlled substance records required to be kept by the registrant-transferor shall be transferred to the registrant-transferee. Responsibility for the accuracy of records prior to the date of transfer remains with the transferor, but responsibility for custody and maintenance shall be upon the transferee.

If the registrant acquiring the pharmacy owns at least one other pharmacy licensed in the same state as the pharmacy being transferred, the registrant may apply for a new DEA registration prior to the date of transfer. DEA will issue a registration which will authorize the registrant to obtain controlled substances at the time of transfer, but the registrant may not dispense controlled substances until the pharmacy has been issued a valid state pharmacy license.

A DEA registration application to transfer ownership of an existing pharmacy can be facilitated if the applicant includes an affidavit verifying that the pharmacy has been registered by the state licensing agency. The affidavit verifying the existence of the state license should be attached to the initial application for registration.

Denial, Suspension, or Revocation of Registration

Under the CSA (21 U.S.C. § 824 (a)), DEA has the authority to deny, suspend, or revoke a DEA registration upon a finding that the registrant:

  1. Has materially falsified the application;
  2. Has been convicted of a felony relating to a controlled substance or a List I chemical;
  3. Had a State license or registration suspended, revoked, or denied by a competent State authority and is no longer authorized by State law to engage in the manufacturing, distribution, or dispensing of controlled substances or List I chemicals or has had the suspension, revocation, or denial of a registration recommended by competent State authority;
  4. Has committed an act which would render the DEA registration inconsistent with the public interest; or
  5. Has been excluded (or directed to be excluded) from participation in a program pursuant to Title 42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7(a), that is, a Medicaid or Medicare program.

Denial of Registration in the Public Interest

In determining the public interest, the CSA states the following factors are to be considered (21 U.S.C. § 823 (f)):

  1. The recommendation of the appropriate State licensing board or professional disciplinary authority.
  2. The applicant’s experience in dispensing or conducting research with respect to controlled substances.
  3. The applicant’s conviction record under federal or state laws relating to the manufacture, distribution, or dispensing of controlled substances.
  4. Compliance with applicable State, Federal, or local laws relating to controlled substances.
  5. Such other conduct which may threaten the public health and safety.

Chemical Registration Requirements

Registration is not required for regulated sellers of SLCPs. However, a regulated seller must self-certify with DEA pursuant to federal law (see Section XIV, Self-Certification).  A regulated seller is defined as a grocery store, general merchandise store, drug store, or other entity engaged in over-the-counter sales of ephedrine (both single-entity and combination products), pseudoephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine products, directly to walk-in customers or in face-to-face transactions by direct sales. A mobile retail vendor is defined as a person or entity that makes sales at retail from a stand that is intended to be temporary or is capable of being moved from one location to another.

Federal law requires any person who is engaged in the wholesale distribution of an SLCP to obtain a registration as a chemical distributor. A distributor who does not meet all the requirements for a regulated seller of SLCPs, or who does not meet the requirements for distributors required to submit “mail-order” reports, is a wholesale distributor.

Note: this would include those pharmacies that sell quantities of SLCPs to institutions, including long term care facilities, jails, and other institutional-type settings for non-patient specific use. Such pharmacies are often referred to as “closed door” pharmacies.

Retail pharmacies that are registered to handle controlled substances need not obtain a separate DEA chemical registration for retail distribution of SLCPs. If a pharmacy desires to engage in the wholesale distribution of bulk quantities of SLCPs, the pharmacy is required to register with DEA as a chemical distributor because these activities fall outside the definition of a regulated seller. Therefore, the pharmacy would be subject to the registration requirements that apply to wholesale distributors for those distribution activities, and subject to the pharmacy requirements for its pharmacy activities. To obtain a DEA chemical distributor registration, a pharmacy may complete the DEA Form 510 online at www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov. A paper version may be requested by writing to:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: Registration Section/ODR
P.O. Box 2639
Springfield, Virginia 22152-2639

SECTION IV – TRANSFER OR DISPOSAL OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

Transfer of Controlled Substances

A pharmacy may hire an outside firm to inventory, package, and arrange for the transfer of its controlled substances to another pharmacy, the original supplier, or the original manufacturer. The pharmacy is responsible for the actual transfer of the controlled substances and for the accuracy of the inventory and records. The records involving the transfer of controlled substances must be kept readily available by the pharmacy for two years for inspection by the DEA.

To transfer schedule II substances, the receiving registrant must issue an official order form (DEA Form 222) or an electronic equivalent to the registrant transferring the drugs. The transfer of schedules III-V controlled substances must be documented in writing to show the drug name, dosage form, strength, quantity, and date transferred. The document must include the names, addresses, and DEA registration numbers of the parties involved in the transfer of the controlled substances.

Transfer to a Pharmacy

If a pharmacy goes out of business or is acquired by a new pharmacy, it may transfer the controlled substances to another pharmacy. On the day the controlled substances are transferred, a complete inventory must be taken which documents the drug name, dosage form, strength, quantity, and date transferred. In addition, DEA Form 222 or the electronic equivalent must be prepared to document the transfer of schedule II controlled substances. This inventory will serve as the final inventory for the registrant going out of business and transferring the controlled substances. It will also serve as the initial inventory for the registrant acquiring the controlled substances. A copy of the inventory must be included in the records of each pharmacy.  It is not necessary to send a copy of the inventory to the DEA.  The pharmacy acquiring the controlled substances must maintain all records involved in the transfer of the controlled substances for two years.

Transfer to the Original Supplier or Original Manufacturer

Any pharmacy may transfer controlled substances to the original supplier or the original manufacturer that is appropriately registered with the DEA. The pharmacist must maintain a written record showing:

  1. The date of the transaction.
  2. The name, strength, dosage form, and quantity of the controlled substance.
  3. The supplier or manufacturer’s name, address, and registration number.

The DEA Form 222 or the electronic equivalent will be the official record for the transfer of schedule II controlled substances.

Disposal of Controlled Substances

A pharmacy may transfer controlled substances to a DEA registered reverse distributor who handles the disposal of controlled substances. The pharmacy should contact the local DEA Diversion Field Office (Appendix K) for an updated list of DEA registered reverse distributors.  In no case should drugs be forwarded to the DEA unless the registrant has received prior approval from the DEA. The DEA procedures established for the disposal of controlled substances must not be construed as altering in any way the state laws or regulations for the disposal of controlled substances.

Reverse Distributors Authorized to Dispose Controlled Substances

A pharmacy may forward controlled substances to a DEA registered reverse distributor who handles the disposal of controlled substances.  When a pharmacy transfers schedule II controlled substances to a reverse distributor for destruction, the reverse distributor must issue an official order form (DEA Form 222) or the electronic equivalent to the pharmacy. When schedules III-V controlled substances are transferred to a reverse distributor for destruction, the pharmacy must maintain a record of distribution that lists the drug name, dosage form, strength, quantity, and date transferred. The DEA registered reverse distributor who will destroy the controlled substances is responsible for submitting a DEA Form 41 (Registrants Inventory of Drugs Surrendered) to the DEA when the controlled substances have been destroyed. A DEA Form 41 should not be used to record the transfer of controlled substances between the pharmacy and the reverse distributor disposing of the drugs.

A paper version of the DEA Form 41 may be requested by writing to:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: Registration Section/ODR
P.O. Box 2639
Springfield, Virginia 22152-2639

Disposal of Controlled Substances by Persons Not Registered with DEA

On January 21, 2009, DEA published in the Federal Register an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM), Disposal of Controlled Substances by Persons Not Registered with the Drug Enforcement Administration. This ANPRM sought comments on how to address the issue of disposal of dispensed controlled substances held by DEA nonregistrants (i.e., ultimate users, long term care facilities). DEA was interested in the possible options that would enable nonregistrants to dispose of unwanted controlled substances, while also protecting public health and public safety, and minimizing the possibility of diversion. The public comment period for this ANPRM ended on March 23, 2009.

SECTION V – SECURITY REQUIREMENTS

Requests for Employment Waivers for Certain Pharmacy Employees

Under 21 C.F.R. § 1301.76(a), a registrant must not employ in a position which allows access to controlled substances any person who has been convicted of a felony relating to controlled substances, or who, at any time, has had an application for DEA registration denied, revoked, or surrendered for cause. "For cause" means surrendering a registration in lieu of, or as a consequence of, any federal or state administrative, civil, or criminal action resulting from an investigation of the individual’s handling of controlled substances.

However, 21 C.F.R. § 1307.03 does permit registrants desiring to employ an individual who meets this definition to request an exception to this requirement. The employer must have a waiver approved before allowing such an employee or prospective employee to have access to controlled substances. A waiver request should be sent by the employer to the following address:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn:  Administrator
8701 Morrissette Drive
Springfield, Virginia 22152

A registrant that applies for such a waiver should understand that the following factors will be considered by the DEA in the approval process and should provide details relevant to each factor as part of the waiver request submitted, since a waiver will not be considered unless there are valid reasons to believe that diversion is unlikely to occur:

  1. A detailed description of the nature and extent of the individual’s past controlled substances violations, including all pertinent documentation;
  2. Current status of the individual’s state licensure;
  3. Extent of individual’s proposed access to controlled substances. “Access” is not limited to only physical access to controlled substances, but includes any influence over the handling of controlled substances;
  4. Registrant’s proposed physical and professional safeguards to prevent diversion by the individual;
  5. Status of employing registrant regarding handling of controlled substances;
  6. Other pertinent information uncovered by DEA in its investigation of the individual’s or registrant’s handling of controlled substances; and
  7. All other relevant factors or materials.

Controlled Substance Theft or Significant Loss

Should a theft or significant loss of any controlled substance occur at a pharmacy, the following procedures must be implemented within one business day of the discovery of the theft or loss.

A. Notify DEA and Local Police

The theft of controlled substances from a registrant is a criminal act and a source of diversion that requires notification to DEA. A pharmacy must notify in writing the local DEA Diversion Field Office (Appendix K) within one business day of discovery of a theft or significant loss of a controlled substance. Although not specifically required by federal law or regulations, the registrant should also notify local law enforcement and state regulatory agencies.  Prompt notification to enforcement agencies will allow them to investigate the incident and prosecute those responsible for the diversion. If there is a question as to whether a theft has occurred or a loss is significant, a registrant should err on the side of caution and report it to DEA and local law enforcement authorities.

DEA must be notified directly. This requirement is not satisfied by reporting the theft or significant loss in any other manner. For example, a corporation which owns or operates multiple registered sites and wishes to channel all notifications through corporate management or any other internal department responsible for security, must still provide notice directly to DEA in writing within one business day upon discovery and keep a copy of that notice for its records. The notice must be signed by an authorized individual of the registrant.

B. Complete DEA Form 106

A pharmacy must also complete a DEA Form 106 (Report of Theft or Loss of Controlled Substances) which can be found online at www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov under the Quick Links section. The DEA Form 106 is used to document the actual circumstances of the theft or significant loss and the quantities of controlled substances involved. A paper version of the form can be obtained by writing to:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: Registration Section/ODR
8701 Morrissette Drive
Springfield, Virginia 22152

If completing the paper version, the pharmacy should send the original DEA Form 106 to the local DEA Diversion Field Office (Appendix K) and keep a copy for its records. Please see the Guidelines for Completing the DEA Form 106 (Appendix I) for additional guidance.

The DEA Form 106 must include the following information:

  1. Name and address of the firm (pharmacy),
  2. DEA registration number,
  3. Date of theft or loss (or when discovered if not known),
  4. Name and telephone number of local police department (if notified),
  5. Type of theft (e.g., night break-in, armed robbery),
  6. List of identifying marks, symbols, or price codes (if any) used by the pharmacy on the labels of the containers, and
  7. A listing of controlled substances missing, including the strength, dosage form, and size of container (in milliliters if liquid form) or corresponding National Drug Code numbers.

C. If Investigation Finds No Theft or Loss

If, after the initial notification to DEA, the investigation of the theft or loss determines no such theft or loss of controlled substances occurred, a DEA Form 106 does not need to be filed. However, the registrant must notify DEA in writing of this fact in order to resolve the initial report and explain why no DEA Form 106 was filed regarding the incident.

D.  Registrant’s Responsibility for Identifying "Significant Loss"

Although the CSA regulations do not define the term "significant loss," it is the responsibility of the registrant to use his/her best judgment to take appropriate action.  Whether a “significant loss” has occurred depends, in large part, on the business of the pharmacy and the likelihood of a rational explanation for a particular occurrence.  What would constitute a significant loss for a pharmacy may be viewed as comparatively insignificant for a hospital or manufacturer.

Further, the loss of a small quantity of controlled substances, repeated over a period of time, may indicate a significant problem for a registrant, which must be reported. The burden of responsibility is on the registrant to identify what is a significant loss and make the required report to DEA.

When determining whether a loss is significant, a registrant should consider, among others, the following factors:

  1. The actual quantity of controlled substances lost in relation to the type of business;
  2. The specific controlled substances;
  3. Whether the loss of the controlled substances can be associated with access to those controlled substances by specific individuals, or whether the loss can be attributed to unique activities that may take place involving the controlled substances;
  4. A pattern of losses over a specific time period, whether the losses appear to be random, and the results of efforts taken to resolve the losses; and, if known
  5. Whether the specific controlled substances are likely candidates for diversion; and
  6. Local trends and other indicators of the diversion potential of the missing controlled substances.

If it is determined that the loss is not significant, the registrant should place a record of the occurrence in a theft and loss file for future reference. Miscounts or adjustments to inventory involving clerical errors on the part of the pharmacy should not be reported on a DEA Form 106, but rather should be noted in a separate log at the pharmacy management’s discretion.

In-Transit Loss

When all or part of an in-transit shipment of controlled substances fails to reach its intended destination, the supplier is responsible for reporting the in-transit loss of controlled substances to DEA. The purchaser is responsible for reporting any loss of controlled substances after he/she has signed for or taken custody of a shipment. If it is discovered after that point that an in-transit loss or theft has occurred; the purchaser must then submit a DEA Form 106. If the purchaser does not take custody of the shipment and instead returns it to the supplier, it is the supplier’s responsibility for reporting any loss of controlled substances in the original shipment.

In-Transit Loss from Central Fill Pharmacy

Central fill pharmacies must comply with 21 C.F.R. § 1301.74(e) when selecting private, common or contract carriers to transport filled prescriptions to a retail pharmacy for delivery to an ultimate user. Pursuant to 21 C.F.R. § 1301.76(d), when a central fill pharmacy contracts with private, common or contract carriers to transport filled prescriptions to a retail pharmacy, the central fill pharmacy is responsible for reporting the in-transit loss upon discovery of such loss by use of a DEA Form 106. In addition, when a retail pharmacy contracts with private, common or contract carriers to retrieve filled prescriptions from a central fill pharmacy, the retail pharmacy is responsible for reporting in-transit losses upon discovery using a DEA Form 106.

Breakage and Spillage

The breakage or spillage of controlled substances does not constitute a "loss" of controlled substances.  When there is breakage, damage, or spillage or some other form of destruction, any recoverable controlled substances must be disposed of according to DEA requirements. When this disposal occurs, it must be reported to DEA on a DEA Form 41 (Registrants Inventory of Drugs Surrendered). Damaged goods may also be disposed of through shipment to a reverse distributor or by a DEA approved process as defined in Section IV, Transfer or Disposal of Controlled Substances.

A paper version of the DEA Form 41 may be requested by writing to:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: Registration Section/ODR
8701 Morrissette Drive
Springfield, Virginia 22152

Robberies and Burglaries Involving Controlled Substances

The Controlled Substance Registrant Protection Act of 1984 (CSRPA) was enacted to protect DEA registrants against certain crimes (see Title 18 U.S.C. § 2118 for a complete text of CSRPA). The CSRPA provides for the federal investigation of controlled substances thefts and robberies if any of the following conditions are met:

  1. The replacement cost of the controlled substances taken is $500 or more.
  2. Interstate or foreign commerce was involved in the execution of the crime.
  3. A person was killed or suffered significant bodily injury as a result of the crime.

Penalties Upon Conviction - The perpetrator(s) convicted of violating CSRPA’s provisions may be subject to the following penalties:

  1. Burglary or robbery - a maximum $25,000 fine and/or 20 years imprisonment.
  2. If a dangerous weapon was used to carry out the crime - a maximum $35,000 fine and/or 25 years imprisonment.
  3. If death resulted from the crime - a maximum $50,000 fine and/or life imprisonment.

SECTION VI – RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS

Every pharmacy must maintain complete and accurate records on a current basis for each controlled substance purchased, received, stored, distributed, dispensed, or otherwise disposed of.  These records are required to provide accountability of all controlled substances from the manufacturing process through the dispensing pharmacy and to the ultimate user. The closed system reduces the potential for diversion of controlled substances.

All required records concerning controlled substances must be maintained for at least two years for inspection and copying by duly authorized DEA officials. Records and inventories of schedule II controlled substances must be maintained separately from all other records of the registrant. All records and inventories of schedules III, IV, and V controlled substances must be maintained either separately from all other records or in such a form that the information required is readily retrievable from the ordinary business records. Recordkeeping requirements for prescriptions are detailed in Section VI, Prescription Records.

Readily retrievable is defined as:

  1. Records kept by automatic data processing systems or other electronic or mechanized recordkeeping systems in such a manner that they can be separated out from all other records in a reasonable time, and/or
  2. Records kept in such a manner that certain items are asterisked, redlined, or in some other manner visually identifiable apart from other items appearing on the records.

Required Records

The records which must be maintained by a pharmacy are:

  1. Executed and unexecuted official order forms (DEA Form 222) or the electronic equivalent
  2. Power of Attorney authorization to sign order forms
  3. Receipts and/or invoices for schedules III, IV, and V controlled substances
  4. All inventory records of controlled substances, including the initial and biennial inventories, dated as of beginning or close of business
  5. Records of controlled substances distributed (i.e., sales to other registrants, returns to vendors, distributions to reverse distributors)
  6. Records of controlled substances dispensed (i.e., prescriptions, schedule V logbook)
  7. Reports of Theft or Significant Loss (DEA Form 106), if applicable
  8. Inventory of Drugs Surrendered for Disposal (DEA Form 41), if applicable
  9. Records of transfers of controlled substances between pharmacies
  10. DEA registration certificate
  11. Self-certification certificate and logbook (or electronic equivalent) as required under the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 2005

Central Recordkeeping

A registrant desiring to maintain shipping and financial records (but not executed official order forms) at a central location rather than the registered location must submit written notification of his/her intention by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, in triplicate, to the Special Agent in Charge of the local DEA Diversion Field Office in which the registrant is located (Appendix K). Unless the registrant is informed by the DEA that the permission to keep central records is denied, the registrant may begin maintaining central records 14 days after DEA receives this notification. Central recordkeeping requirements are described in 21 C.F.R. § 1304.04. Central recordkeeping permits are no longer issued by the DEA.

Prescription Records

Pharmacies have two options for filing prescription records under the C.F.R. If there is a conflict between federal and state requirements for filing prescriptions, DEA recognizes that the pharmacy must choose a filing system that would comply with both federal and state law. All prescription records must be readily retrievable for DEA inspection. Controlled substance prescriptions must be filed in one of the following ways:

Paper Prescriptions Records Option 1 (Three separate files):

  1. A file for schedule II controlled substances dispensed.
  2. A file for schedules III, IV and V controlled substances dispensed.
  3. A file for all noncontrolled drugs dispensed.

Paper Prescriptions Records Option 2 (Two separate files):

  1. A file for all schedule II controlled substances dispensed.
  2. A file for all other drugs dispensed (noncontrolled and those in schedules III, IV and V). If this method is used, a prescription for a schedule III, IV or V drug must be made readily retrievable by use of a red "C" stamp not less than one inch high. If a pharmacy has an electronic recordkeeping system for prescriptions which permits identification by prescription number and retrieval of original documents by prescriber’s name, patient’s name, drug dispensed, and date filled, the requirement to mark the hard copy with a red “C” is waived.

Electronic Prescription Records

  1. If a prescription is created, signed, transmitted, and received electronically, all records related to that prescription must be retained electronically.
  2. Electronic records must be maintained electronically for two years from the date of their creation or receipt. However, this record retention requirement shall not pre-empt any longer period of retention which may be required now or in the future, by any other Federal or State law or regulation, applicable to pharmacists or pharmacies.
  3. Records regarding controlled substances must be readily retrievable from all other records. Electronic records must be easily readable or easily rendered into a format that a person can read.

Records of electronic prescriptions for controlled substances shall be maintained in an application that meets the requirements of 21 C.F.R. §1311. The computers on which the records are maintained may be located at another location, but the records must be readily retrievable at the registered location if requested by the DEA or other law enforcement agent. The electronic application must be capable of printing out or transferring the records in a format that is readily understandable to an Administration or other law enforcement agent at the registered location. Electronic copies of prescription records must be sortable by prescriber name, patient name, drug dispensed, and date filled.

SECTION VII – INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS

An “inventory” is a complete and accurate list of all stocks and forms of controlled substances in the possession of the registrant as determined by an actual physical count for schedule II controlled substances and an estimated count or measure of the contents of a schedule III, IV, or V controlled substance (unless the container holds more than 1,000 tablets or capsules in which case an exact count of the contents must be made).  The CSA also requires that all inventory records be maintained at the registered location in a readily retrievable manner for at least two years for copying and inspection. In addition, the inventory records of schedule II controlled substances must be kept separate from all other controlled substances.

Initial Inventory

When issued a DEA registration, a registrant must take an initial inventory, which is an actual physical count of all controlled substances in their possession. If there are no stocks of controlled substances on hand, the registrant should make a record showing a zero inventory.  There is no requirement to submit a copy of the inventory to the DEA. The C.F.R. requires that the inventory include:

  1. The date of the inventory,
  2. Whether the inventory was taken at the beginning or close of business,
  3. The name of each controlled substance inventoried,
  4. The finished form of each of the substances (e.g., 10 milligram tablet),
  5. The number of dosage units of each finished form in the commercial container (e.g., 100 tablet bottle),
  6. The number of commercial containers of each finished form (e.g., four 100 tablet bottles), and
  7. A count of the substance - if the substance is listed in schedule II, an exact count or measure of the contents or if the substance is listed in schedules III, IV, or V, an estimated count or measure of the contents, unless the container holds more than 1,000 tablets or capsules in which case, an exact count of the contents is required.

DEA recommends, but does not require, an inventory record include the name, address, and DEA registration number of the registrant, and the signature of the person or persons responsible for taking the inventory.

Biennial Inventory

Following the initial inventory, the registrant is required to take a biennial inventory (every two years), which requires the same information as the initial inventory (see list above) of all controlled substances on hand.  The biennial inventory may be taken on any date which is within two years of the previous inventory date.  There is no requirement to submit a copy of the inventory to DEA.

Newly Scheduled Controlled Substance Inventory

When a drug not previously listed as a controlled substance is scheduled or a drug is rescheduled, the drug must be inventoried as of the effective date of scheduling or change in scheduling.

SECTION VIII – ORDERING CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

Ordering Schedule II Controlled Substances

Only schedules I and II controlled substances are ordered with an official order form, DEA Form 222, or the electronic equivalent (see below, Controlled Substance Ordering System (CSOS) – Electronic Order Forms). A DEA Form 222 is required for each distribution, purchase, or transfer of a schedule II controlled substance.

When a controlled substance has been moved by DEA from schedule II to another schedule at the federal level, in many states it may remain a schedule II controlled substance pending any legislative or administrative action that may result from the federal action. Many states require transactions that involve substances they classify as schedule II be made via official order forms (DEA Form 222) or the electronic equivalent.  When federal law or regulations differ from state law or regulations, a pharmacy is required to abide by the more stringent aspects of both the federal and state requirements.  When the use of DEA Form 222 or the electronic equivalent for the transfer of a controlled substance is not required under federal law, its use as mandated by these states does not violate federal law and is therefore permitted.

Requesting Official Order Forms

The unexecuted DEA Form 222 can be requested initially by checking "block 3" on the application for a new registration (DEA Form 224).  The DEA Form 224 can be found online at www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov.

Once a registrant has received a DEA registration number, additional DEA Forms 222 may be ordered online at www.DEAdiversion.usdoj.gov. When requesting additional DEA Forms 222 online, a valid DEA registration number, business name, and contact telephone number are required. The registrant may also request DEA Forms 222 by calling the DEA Headquarters Registration Section at 1-800-882-9539 or by contacting the local DEA Registration Specialist (Appendix J).

Each book of DEA Form 222 consists of seven sets of forms. Each pharmacy is provided a maximum of six books at one time unless its needs exceed this limit. In such a case, the pharmacy should contact the local DEA Registration Specialist (Appendix J) to request additional books.

Completing Official Order Forms

When ordering schedule II controlled substances, the purchaser is responsible for filling in the number of packages, the size of the package, and the name of the item. Each DEA Form 222 must be signed and dated by a person authorized to sign a registration application or a person granted power of attorney (see below, Power of Attorney to Sign an Official Order Form). When the items are received, the pharmacist must document on the purchaser’s copy (copy three) the actual number of packages received and the date received.

The executed DEA Form 222 must be maintained separately from the pharmacy’s other business records. However, this does not preclude a registrant from attaching a copy of the supplier's invoice to the related DEA Form 222.

Title 21 C.F.R. § 1305.15(a)(1) requires that, for orders using the DEA Form 222, an order must not be filled if the order is not complete, legible, or properly prepared, executed, or endorsed, or if the order shows any alteration, erasure, or change of any description. For a discussion of the circumstances in which an electronic order must not be filled see below, Controlled Substance Ordering System (CSOS) – Electronic Order Forms.

A supplier may refuse to accept an order for any reason as set forth under 21 C.F.R. § 1305.15(c). If a supplier refuses to accept an order, a statement that the order is not accepted is sufficient.  If an order is refused, the supplier must return copies one and two of the DEA Form 222 to the purchaser with a statement explaining the reason the order was refused. For electronic orders, the supplier must notify the purchaser and provide a statement as to the reason (see below, Controlled Substance Ordering System (CSOS) – Electronic Order Forms).

DEA policy does not preclude the substitution of identical products differing in packaging size from those initially ordered, provided that the actual quantity received does not exceed the amount initially ordered and that the National Drug Code number reflected is that of the actual product shipped. For example, a distributor may substitute five bottles of 100, 2 milligram tablets for one bottle of 500, 2 milligram tablets or any variation thereof.

Cancellation and Voiding an Official Order Form

A purchaser may cancel an order (or partial order) on a DEA Form 222 by notifying the supplier in writing. The supplier must indicate the cancellation on Copies 1 and 2 of the DEA Form 222 by drawing a line through the cancelled item(s) and printing “cancelled” in the space provided for the number of items shipped.

A supplier may void part or all of an order on a DEA Form 222 by notifying the purchaser in writing. The supplier must indicate the voiding in Copies 1 and 2 of the DEA Form 222 by drawing a line through the cancelled item(s) and printing “void” in the space provided for the number of items shipped. For information regarding cancelled electronic orders, see below, Controlled Substance Ordering System (CSOS) – Electronic Order Forms.

Power of Attorney to Sign an Official Order Form

Any registrant (pharmacy) may authorize one or more individuals, whether or not they are located at the registered location, to obtain and execute DEA Forms 222 by granting a power of attorney to each such individual. The power of attorney must be signed by the same person who signed the most recent application for registration or renewal registration, as well as the individual being authorized to obtain and execute the DEA Forms 222.

The power of attorney may be revoked at any time by the person who granted and signed the power of attorney. Only if the renewal application is signed by a different person is it necessary to grant a new power of attorney when the pharmacy completes a renewal registration.  The power of attorney should be filed with executed DEA Forms 222 as a readily retrievable record.  The power of attorney is not submitted to DEA.

Suggested formats for granting and revoking a power of attorney follow:

Power of Attorney for DEA Forms 222 and Electronic Orders

_________________________ (Name of registrant)
_________________________(Address of registrant)
_________________________(DEA registration number)

I, _______________________________________________(name of person granting power), the undersigned, who is authorized to sign the current application for registration of the above named registrant under the Controlled Substances Act or Controlled Substances Import and Export Act, have made, constituted, and appointed, and by these presents, do make, constitute, and appoint _________________________________(name of attorney-in-fact), my true and lawful attorney for me in my name, place, and stead, to execute applications for books of official order forms and to sign such order forms in requisition for schedule I and II controlled substances, in accordance with Section 308 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 828) and part 1305 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations.  I hereby ratify and confirm all that said attorney shall lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
_____________________________
(Signature of person granting power)

I, _______________________(name of attorney-in-fact), hereby affirm that I am the person named herein as attorney-in-fact and that the signature affixed hereto is my signature.
_______________________
(Signature of attorney-in-fact)

Witnesses:
1. _______________________
2. _______________________

Signed and dated on the ___ day of ____________in the year____ at

Notice of Revocation

The foregoing power of attorney is hereby revoked by the undersigned, who is authorized to sign the current application for registration of the above-named registrant under the Controlled Substances Act.  Written notice of this revocation has been given to the attorney-in-fact ____________________________ this same day.

_____________________________
(Signature of person revoking power)

Witnesses:
1. ______________________
2. ______________________

Signed and dated on the ___ day of ____________in the year____ at

Lost or Stolen Order Forms

When a pharmacist has not received an expected shipment of controlled substances, he/she should first contact the supplier to determine whether the original DEA Form 222 was received. If the original order form has been lost or stolen, the pharmacist must complete a second order form so the supplier can fill the original order. The pharmacist must also prepare a statement which includes the first order form’s serial number and date, and verify that the drugs ordered were never received. The pharmacy must attach a copy of the statement to the second order form that is sent to the supplier.  In addition, the pharmacist must keep a copy of the statement with copy three from the first and second order forms.

A pharmacy, upon discovery of the loss or theft of used or unused order forms, must immediately report the loss to the local DEA Diversion Field Office (Appendix K) and provide the serial numbers of each lost or stolen order form.  If an entire book or multiple books of order forms are lost or stolen, and the serial numbers of the missing forms cannot be identified, the pharmacist must report the approximate date of issuance (in lieu of the serial numbers) to the DEA. If an unused order form reported stolen or lost is later recovered or found, the pharmacy must immediately notify the local DEA Diversion Field Office.

Controlled Substance Ordering System (CSOS) – Electronic Order Forms

Any registrant permitted to order schedule II controlled substances may do so electronically via the DEA Controlled Substance Ordering System (CSOS) and maintain the records of these orders electronically for two years. The use of electronic orders is optional; registrants may continue to issue orders on a paper DEA Form 222. CSOS allows for secure electronic transmission of controlled substance orders without the supporting paper DEA Form 222. The adoption of the CSOS standards is the only allowance for the electronic transmission of schedule II controlled substance orders between controlled substance manufacturers, distributors, pharmacies, and other DEA authorized entities. CSOS uses Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) technology, which requires CSOS users to obtain a CSOS digital certificate for electronic ordering.  The electronic orders must be signed using a digital signature issued by a Certification Authority (CA) run by the DEA.

Digital certificates can be obtained only by registrants and individuals granted power of attorney by registrants to sign orders. A registrant must appoint a CSOS coordinator who will serve as that registrant's recognized agent regarding issues pertaining to issuance of, revocation of, and changes to, digital certificates issued under that registrant's DEA registration. A CSOS digital certificate will be valid until the DEA registration under which it is issued expires or until the CSOS CA is notified that the certificate should be revoked. Certificates will be revoked if the certificate holder is no longer authorized to sign schedule II orders for the registrant, if the information on which the certificate is based changes, or if the digital certificate used to sign electronic orders has been compromised, stolen, or lost.

A “Questions and Answers” page about the CSOS certificate is available on the DEA E-Commerce Program website at www.DEAecom.gov. Applicants can download the Diversion PKI CSOS Enrollment document and the CSOS Subscriber’s Manual for assistance on the enrollment process. DEA maintains a support line to assist applicants and subscribers with issues pertaining to certificate enrollment, issuance, revocation, and renewal. Staff is available from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. (Eastern Time), Monday through Friday at 1-877-332-3266 if further assistance is needed.

Unaccepted and Defective Electronic Orders

An electronic order for controlled substances may not be filled if any of the following occurs:

1. The required data fields have not been completed.
2. The order is not signed using a digital certificate issued by DEA.
3. The digital certificate used has expired or been revoked prior to signature.
4. The purchaser’s public key will not validate the digital certificate.
5. The validation of the order shows that the order is invalid for any reason.

If an order cannot be filled, the supplier must notify the purchaser and provide a statement as to the reason (e.g., improperly prepared or altered). A supplier may, for any reason, refuse to accept any order. If a supplier refuses, a statement that the order is not accepted is sufficient.

When a purchaser receives an unaccepted electronic order from the supplier, the purchaser must electronically link the statement of nonacceptance to the original order. The original statement must be retained for two years. Neither a purchaser nor a supplier may correct a defective order. The purchaser must issue a new order for the order to be filled.

Cancellation and Voiding of Electronic Orders

A supplier may void all (or part) of an electronic order by notifying the purchaser of the voiding. If the entire order is voided, the supplier must make an electronic copy of the order and indicate “Void” on the copy and return it to the purchaser. The supplier is not required to retain a record of orders that are not filled. The purchaser must retain an electronic copy of the voided order. Should a supplier partially void an order, the supplier must indicate in the linked record that nothing was shipped for each item voided.

Lost Electronic Orders

If a purchaser determines that an unfilled electronic order has been lost before or after receipt, the purchaser must provide, to the supplier, a signed statement. This statement must include the unique tracking number and date of the lost order and state that the goods covered by the first order were not received through loss of that order. If the purchaser executes a new order to replace the lost order, the purchaser must electronically link an electronic record of the second order and a copy of the statement with the record of the first order and retain them both. If the supplier to whom the order was directed subsequently receives the first order, the supplier must indicate that it is “not accepted” and return it to the purchaser. The purchaser must link the returned order to the record of that order and the statement.


Ordering Schedules III-V Controlled Substances

The registrant must keep a receipt (invoice or packing slip) on which it records the date the drugs were received and confirm that the order is accurate. These receipts must also contain the name of each controlled substance, the finished form, the number of dosage units of finished form in each commercial container, and the number of commercial containers ordered and received. In addition, these receipts must be maintained in a readily retrievable manner for inspection by the DEA.

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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE  •  DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
Office of Diversion Control  •  8701 Morrissette Drive  •  Springfield, VA 22152  •  1-800-882-9539